Every year, the DSTA appoints a number of Primary Dealers, Single Market Specialists and Commercial Paper Dealers.

Vuurtoren van Marken

Lighthouse of Marken

The Dutch State uses the services of Primary Dealers (PDs). These banks are appointed by the DSTA for trading, promotion and distribution of Dutch State Loans (DSLs) and treasury paper (DTCs). A one-year contract is concluded between each PD and the State. PDs have an exclusive right to participate in DSL-auctions and have access to the repo and strip facility of the DSTA. Furthermore they receive a financial compensation depending on the amounts bought in emissions of DSLs. Naturally there are also obligations. PDs are obliged to provide continuous bid and offer prices for Dutch State Loans, the so called quotation obligation. Another requirement is that PDs have to provide monthly reports on their activities on the secondary market.

Single Markets Specialists (SMSs) have the task to promote and distribute DTCs and to contribute to liquidity on the secondary market.

Additional short-term funding requirements are fulfilled by means of a Global Commercial Paper (GCP) programme, which is sold through selected USCP dealers and ECP Dealers (together GCPDs). GCPDs are selected annually from the group of PDs and SMSs.

The contracts and general conditions for PDs, SMSs and GCPDs are available below of this page.

Primary Dealer ranking method

In 2019, the DSTA continues to rank its PDs based on a duration weighted system. The DSTA believes that a weighted issuance ranking provides the right incentives for PDs to achieve a balanced demand for DSLs across different maturities. Furthermore, the weighted issuance method optimally reflects the performance and commitment of a PD vis-à-vis the DSTA, given that bonds with a higher duration entail more risk for a bank and face more challenging market circumstances than shorter-dated bonds. The weighting factors for a given remaining maturity are shown below.

Weights for DSLs by maturity, to be issued in 2019

DSL maturing

  Weighting factor  

In 2019 - 2021

   1

In 2022 – 2024     

   4

In 2025 – 2027

   7

In 2028 – 2029

   9

In 2030 – 2038

   14

In 2039-2042

   18

Vanaf 2043

   24

Ranking 2018

The primary market performance of PDs, SMSs and CP dealers is reviewed periodically based on the abovementioned ranking method. DTC and CP rankings are based on the unweighted purchase amounts in euro equivalent.

Ranking 2018  (source: Outlook 2019)

Ranking

 DSL

 DTC

 ECP

USCP

 1

 ABN AMRO Bank

 ING Bank 

 Rabobank

Rabobank

 2

 Jefferies

 Nordea

 ING Bank 

Citibank

 3

 Rabobank

 Commerzbank

 ABN AMRO Bank

Barclays

 4

 HSBC France

 HSBC France

 5

 ING Bank

 Société Générale

Dealers 2019

The dealers for 2019 in alphabetical order:

PD

SMS

ECP

USCP

ABN Amro Bank

Barclays

Citigroup

Commerzbank

Goldman Sachs

HSBC France

ING Bank

Jefferies

NATIXIS

NatWest Markets

Nomura

Nordea

Rabobank

Société Générale